What is Japan Famous For?

Japan rewards the repeat visitor.

It is the kind of place you can visit many times and always make new discoveries. This could be a hidden Zen temple, a steaming onsen or a new twist on a classic noodle dish.

But whether it’s your first trip to Japan or your fifth, there are a number of bucket list experiences and sights that cannot be missed. Here’s my pick of the things that Japan is famous for.

woamn and man in traditional japanese robes

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Things That Japan is Known for

If you ask ten friends what Japan is known for, you are likely to get ten different answers.

Mention Japan to the average Westerner and anime, sushi and geisha will spring to mind. But this seductive country in East Asia is so much more than these.

Thanks to its seamless blend of the ancient and modern, Japan is a fascinating, exciting and culturally unique destination. From serene Shinto shrines to high-tech toilets, here’s a snapshot of some of the things that Japan is most famous for.

Japanese culture & history

  • Geisha
  • The tea ceremony
  • Gardens
  • Kimonos
  • Shinto shrines 
  • Buddhist temples
  • Feudal castles
  • Samurai and ninja
  • Hiroshima
  • Courtesy and politeness
  • Safety
  • Festivals
  • Sumo wrestling

Natural wonders

  • Cherry blossom
  • Mount Fuji
  • Onsens

Artistic Achievements

  • Kabuki
  • Anime and Manga
  • Woodblock prints
  • Origami

Food & Drink

  • Japanese cuisine
  • Sake

Technology & Innovations

  • Shinkansen
  • Vending machines
  • Capsule hotels & ryokan
  • Neon cityscapes
  • Tokyo’s Shibuya Crossing
  • Karaoke
  • Cat cafes
  • Toilets

Culture & History

1. Geisha in Gion

The ultimate Kyoto bucket list experience is to glimpse a Geisha scurrying along a dimly lit alleyway in Gion.  

Contrary to popular misconception in the West, modern geisha are not brightly painted hookers. These custodians of Japanese culture are refined, respected and highly accomplished.

If you are lucky enough to spot a geisha – I was on my first visit to Kyoto – please treat her with respect.

Don’t touch her, follow her or block her way. She is a working woman with appointments to keep. And don’t shove a camera in her face or – worse still – ask for a selfie.

The many visitors who dress up as Geisha will usually happily pose for a photo for you.

the flashpacker with two women dressed as gesiha in gion in kyoto
Not the real thing!

2. The tea ceremony

One of the geisha’s skills is conducting tea ceremonies.

woman in kimono conducting a tea ceremony which is one of the things that Japan is famous for

Japan is known for its green tea or matcha. Not only is this refreshing, but it is also rich in antioxidants

During this centuries-old ritual, powdered green tea is prepared in a traditional tea room with a tatami floor.

As a visitor to Japan, you can join a tea ceremony (I did this on my first visit to Japan). Many organisations offer this experience but those in Kyoto are probably your best bet.

3. Serene gardens

Many of these tea ceremonies take place in teahouses in traditional gardens.

Japan is famous for its garden design, which has been refined over the last 1000 years.

There are a number of styles of traditional Japanese gardens. These include Zen gardens with their raked sand and dry stones, and strolling gardens that were created for the Edo Period lords.

The finest garden of them all is Kenroku-en in Kanazawa. This Edo-period strolling-style landscape garden takes its name from the six attributes associated with a famous Sung-dynasty garden in China: seclusion, spaciousness, antiquity, human ingenuity, abundant water and scenic views.

lake with reflections of tea house and trees at kenroku-en-garden
Kenroku-en, Kanazawa

4. Beautiful kimonos

Starting life as an undergarment for the aristocracy, or everyday wear for commoners, from the 16th Century the kimono became the principal item of dress across classes and sexes. These simple, straight-seamed garments are worn wrapped left side over right and secured with a sash (obi).

the back of two women dressed in kimonos walking along street

The pattern of the kimono indicates social status, personal identity and cultural sensitivity

5. Serene Shinto shrines 

Japan is home to tens of thousands of Shinto shrines, which are dedicated to the kami, the Shinto gods. Most Shinto shrines will feature orange tori gates, a main and offering hall, ema (wooden plates on which to write wishes) and omikuji (fortune-telling paper slips).

wooden prayer blocks hanging on a rail
japanese fortune paper twisted on a stick

The most famous Shinto shrine in Japan is the Fushimi Inari Shrine, which is one of the sights not to miss when you are in Kyoto.

Dedicated to Inari, the Shinto God of Rice, this is a complex of five shrines scattered across the thickly wooded slopes of Mount Inari. Hundreds of vermillion torii (Shinto shrine gates) line the 4km pathway winding its way to the summit of the sacred mountain from the main shrine.

path lined with orange tori at fushimi inari in kyoto

6. Buddhist Temples

Buddhist Temples number among the most important and famous buildings in Japan.  Used to store and display sacred Buddhist objects, some of these temples continue to function as monasteries.

Don’t expect to be greeted by vibrant tori. Instead, Japanese Buddhist temples will typically feature gates at the entrance to the temple’s grounds, a main hall, a cemetery, a pagoda and a bell.

temple building of kinkaju ji with reflection in pond which is one of the best things to see in kyoto in three days
Kinkakuji, Kyoto
red and gold pagoda in fukuoka japan
Tochoji, Fukuoka
  • Sensoji in Tokyo
  • Kiyomizudera in Kyoto
  • Kinkakuji in Kyoto
  • Todaiji in Nara
  • Tochoji in Fukuoka

7. Majestic feudal castles

Japan is home to some of the most spectacular castles in the world.

white tiered facade of himeji castle
Himeji Castle

In the 15th Century, the authority of Japan’s central government had weakened and the country had fallen into chaos. During this time, the country was made up of dozens of warring independent states who built castles for defensive purposes.

Sadly, many of these no longer survive, either destroyed as unwelcome reminders of the past or casualties of WWII. More still were unsympathetically reconstructed, using concrete instead of traditional building materials.

For my money, Japan’s best-preserved feudal castle is in the charming city of Himeji. 

8. Samurai and ninja culture

Samurai and ninja warriors played a pivotal role in the history of Japan.

Serving feudal lords and enjoying special privileges, the samurai usually belonged to the noble classes of Japanese society. They were military nobility if you like.

Lovely Kanazawa is one of the best places in Japan to feel like a samurai. Its Nagamachi district was home to samurai and their families and is brimming with historic atmosphere.

If you are able to visit Kagoshima in Southern Kyushu, Sengan-en is another fabulous place to dive into Japan’s samurai past. This UNESCO World Heritage site is home to a traditional Japanese-style landscape garden and the former residence of the Shimadzu family, who ruled Kagoshima until the 19th century.

Sengan-en, Kagoshima

Ninjas, on the other hand, belonged to the lower classes of Japanese society and were trained as assassins and mercenaries. Think of them as covert ops men.

9. The tragedy of Hiroshima

The city of Hiroshima is a powerful reminder of one of the darkest days in world history.

On the morning of August 6th, 1945 the American B-29 bomber Enola Gay dropped the world’s first atomic bomb over the city. An estimated 140,000 people were killed as a result of the explosion.

The Peace Memorial Park and Peace Memorial Museum are moving reminders of the events of this day and an essential part of any Japan itinerary.

arch of hiroshima peace memorial

10. Courtesy and politeness

Name another country where the train attendant bows when entering and leaving the carriage.

As a nation, the Japanese are famous for respect, politeness and punctuality. Unlike many European countries, people in Japan form an orderly queue to board trains. Don’t even think about queue jumping and surging onto the train when it arrives.

Reflecting the importance that the Japanese place on punctuality, it’s rare for trains in Japan to be delayed.

11. Safety

Safety as a solo traveller is a particular concern of women travelling alone. Japan is one of the safest solo travel destinations in Asia, if not the world.

Whilst you shouldn’t be complacent, you don’t have to be concerned about pickpocketing or walking alone at night as much as you would in other countries. Just use your common sense, watch your belongings and drink alcohol in moderation.

Go easy on the sake!

12. Spectacular festivals

If possible, try to time your visit with one of Japan’s famous festivals. The Japanese love a party and the country’s festivals are quite a spectacle. 

On my first visit to Kyoto, I arrived on the day of the Aoi Matsuri Festival. It was quite a sight.

A procession of two oxcarts, four cows, 36 horses, and 600 people dressed in the traditional costumes of Heian nobles paraded behind the Imperial Messenger from the Imperial Palace to the Kamo shrines.

Unforgettable and a superb way to gain awareness of the culture of the region.

man in bright orange japanese costume on horse in kyoto
people dressed in Japanese traditional costume with horse and cart during festival in kyoto

13. Sumo wrestling

Few things typify Japan more than sumo wrestling.

2 sumo wrestles in a grapple

This full-contact wrestling originated in Japan as part of a Shinto ritual. To this day, Japan is the only country where it can be practised professionally.

Sumo is all about discipline and physical strength.

Sumo wrestlers usually live in communal training stables, and tradition dictates what they wear and eat. In a flurry of slapping and heaving, wrestlers use their physical strength to force their opponent out of the ring or to bring them to the floor.

To do this, the wrestlers will push, grapple, or shove their opponent down with sheer force. 

There are only 6 official sumo tournaments each year, and three of these take place in Tokyo.

Natural Wonders of Japan

14. Cherry blossom (sakura)

close up of white blossom in kyoto
pink blossom in kyoto

Regarded as a symbol of renewal and vitality, sakura is a national obsession in Japan and draws visitors in their thousands.

The timing of the cherry blossom season depends on the geographical location, with blooms usually opening first in Japan’s southern region, and progressing northward. Weather conditions can also cause the cherry blossoms to appear either earlier or later than average and can lengthen or shorten the blooming season.

The Japan Meteorological Corporation releases its cherry blossom forecasts at the start of the year, revising the dates at regular intervals.

15. Mount Fuji


Located in the Hakone region, and standing at 3,776 meters, Mount Fuji is one of Japan`s most famous sights. Together with Mount Tate and Mount Haku, it is one of the country’s three sacred mountains.

This volcano, which last erupted in 1707, is best known for its symmetrical cone. It is covered in snow for around five months of the year and is one of the best places to photograph cherry blossoms in Japan.

16. Onsens

Japan has considerable geothermal activity to thank for its abundance of onsen, or hot springs.

Although onsens are traditionally located outdoors, there are also plenty of indoor ones throughout Japan. Good places for an onsen experience are Hakone, close to Mount Fuji, and the towns of Beppu and Yufuin in Kyushu province.

steaming hot spring set in forest
Hot spring at Beppu

But a few words of warning.

Make sure that you are comfortable with getting naked with total strangers. The Japanese consider bathing a great social leveller, so don’t be shy.

Trust me. When you dare to bare, it doesn’t take long for any self-consciousness to evaporate.

Many onsens ban people with tattoos. So, if you have been inked, you will need to conduct some research to find a tattoo-friendly hot spring.

Japanese Artistic Achievements

17. Kabuki

When it comes to the performing arts, Japan is famous for kabuki.

This traditional form of theatre is thought to have originated in the Edo period and uses music, dance, and mime to depict tales derived from regional myths and history. It’s an outlandishly visual spectacle that features elaborate costumes and sets

woodblock print of kabuki actor
Kabuki actor. Woodblock print by Hokusai (1779)

Tokyo, Kyoto, Osaka and Fukuoka are good places to catch a kabuki performance.

Whilst all kabuki events are performed in Japanese, many of the major venues offer English translation devices for an extra fee. Check before booking. 

18. Anime and Manga

futuristic anime-girl with long red hair

Anime is a direct descendant of kabuki.

Along with manga, anime has been at the heart of Japanese culture for over a hundred years. 

In Japan, the term is used to describe all animation, not just animation that is native to the country.  But to those outside the country, anime is a distinctive art form. Much like kabuki, anime often relies on visuals to propel the narrative.

Thought to have originated in the 12th Century, manga refers to comics or graphic novels.

19. Woodblock prints

Produced in their thousands during the Edo period (1615 – 1868), woodblock prints depicted scenes from everyday Japan. Also known as ukiyo-e – literally ‘pictures of the floating world‘ – they portrayed the licensed brothel and theatre districts of Japan’s cities during the Edo period.

japanese woodblock print of people in a pavillion
Snowy Morning, Koishikawa. Hokusai (1832)

Despite their low social status, the courtesans and Kabuki actors that inhabited this world were the style icons of their day.

For this, they had to thank woodblock prints. The low cost of these prints allowed their fashions to spread to the general population. Think of woodblock prints as the Vogue of the Edo period.

But some of the most iconic ukiyo-e prints take their inspiration from nature.

The best known of these is Hokusai’s Great Wave off the Coast of Kanagawa, featuring a huge wave that threatens to engulf two boats.

20. Origami

humming bird and flower origami

Origami is another art form that Japan is famous for.

Originating in the Edo period, this art of paper folding allows you to transform a flat square of paper into an exquisite sculpture. Cuts, glue or markings on the paper are strongly discouraged.

The best-known origami model is the Japanese paper crane, immortalised in the 1982 movie Blade Runner.

Japanese Food & Drink

21. Japanese food

Ask a random selection of people what Japanese food means to them and chances are that they will say sushi and noodles.

Made of raw fish and seafood wrapped in specially prepared rice, sushi is Japan’s most famous culinary export. There are many different forms of sushi and they are a staple of bento boxes, Japanese lunch boxes that are superb for tucking into on train journeys. 

Japanese noodles come in different thicknesses and colours, from thick udon to yellow ramen, with countless regional varieties. My favourite noodle dish is Hakata ramen, a speciality of the city of Fukuoka in Kyushu province.

But Japanese cuisine is so much more than ramen and sushi.

One of the most sublime dishes that I have tried on my travels was okonomiyaki, a type of savoury pancake with vegetables, meat, or seafood, topped with a thick, sweet sauce, mayonnaise, aonori seaweed, and dried bonito flakes. Visit Osaka for an authentic experience.

okonomiyaki-on skillet in osaka

22. Sipping sake

What’s better than Japanese food? Japanese food that is washed down with sake.

Sake, or rice wine, has been fermented in Japan since 450 BC at the latest.

You can try different varieties of sake in a bar – this is one of the best things to do in Himeji – or take a sake brewery tour. But one of the best Japanese experiences is to take a seat in an izakaya and feast on snacks and sake.

rows of sake bottles

Technology & Innovation

23. Super-fast shinkansen

Travelling in Japan is a breeze, thanks to Japan Rail’s extensive network of trains that include the world-famous shinkansen, Japan’s super-fast bullet trains. Featuring a streamlined sleek design and a distinctive pointy nose, the shinkansen bullet trains carry passengers across the width and breadth of Japan at a top speed of 320 km/h.

japan-shinkansen-train passing platform

It’s this unbeatable travel infrastructure that helps to make Japan one of the best solo destinations in the world.

24. Vending machines

Did you know that you can get your rice wine fix from a sake vending machine?

Japan is known for its vending machines which offer a dizzying array of things you need and things that you didn’t think you needed.

vending machine on railway platform in japan

There are the usual suspects: water, cigarettes, soft drinks and snacks.

There’s the not-so-usual: flowers, t-shirts, eggs.

Then there’s the downright weird: lobsters, used schoolgirl underwear (eeuw!), dog wigs

In 2020, there were just over 4 million vending machines in Japan generating $60billion in sales each year

25. Unique accommodation (capsule hotels & ryokan)

Japan is famous for two types of accommodation: capsule hotels and ryokan.

If you are travelling on a tight budget, a capsule hotel (pod hotel) might be just the ticket. But caveat emptor.

Although a pod in a capsule hotel is cheap by Japanese standards – expect to pay between $20 and $50 per night – it is insanely small.

The capsule is the length and width of a single bed that you close either with an unlockable door or a curtain. I guess that the clue is in the name.

row of pods in a capsule hotel in japan
Capsule hotel in Tokyo

Your belongings are stored in a locker and air conditioning is not guaranteed. It goes without saying that shower and toilet facilities are shared.

Not for me.

A better option is one of Japan’s popular ryokans. Dating back to the 8th Century, these Japanese inns offer a comfortable stay with a traditional character.

Ryokans are characterized by tatami mat flooring, futon bedding, low wooden tables and yukata robes. But what sets these accommodations apart is the hospitality (omotenashi) embedded in their DNA, multi-course kaiseki dinner and breakfast spread.

Now that’s much more me.

26. Neon cityscapes

street scene in tokyo at night with neon lights

One of the classic images of Japan is that of an urban jungle of brightly coloured neon stretching high into the sky. If you’ve watched the 2003 movie Lost in Translation, you’ll know what I mean.

One of the best places to walk amongst these neon-spangled skyscrapers is Shinjuku in Tokyo. With its karaoke bars, cat cafes, izakaya and immense pachinko parlours, this is the Tokyo of the imagination brought vividly to life.

business man walking in front of a neon lit window
man sitting in front of a pachinko machine

27. Tokyo’s Shibuya Crossing

For another iconic Japanese experience, head to vibrant Shibuya in Tokyo.

This is home to the world´s busiest pedestrian crossing and one of Japan’s most famous sights. Against a neon backdrop, each time the light turns green hundreds of people come from all directions at once with graceful agility.

people walking across a busy pedestrian crossing

For a bird’s eye view, take a seat in the Starbucks café on the 2nd floor of the building across the street.

28. Karaoke

Which one of us hasn’t belted out I Will Survive at a karaoke evening? For this, we have the Japanese to thank.

A Japanese drummer named Daisuke Inoue invented the first karaoke machine in 1971. The rest, as they say, is history.  

Over the subsequent 50 years, the popularity of karaoke has soared. China and Japan are both home to 100,000 karaoke bars and the global market is worth an estimated $ 10 billion.

DID YOU KNOW? The most requested karaoke song of all time is Billie Jean by Michael Jackson.

29. Cat cafes

woman stroking a cat in a cafe

If you are looking for a more relaxing pastime in Japan, make a beeline for one of its cat cafes.

Although the world’s first cat cafes opened in Taiwan, the popularity of cat cafés boomed in Japan. There are thought to be over 150 of them across the country.

What’s the deal?

Basically, a cat café is a coffee shop where you can cuddle and play with the feline occupants of the establishment. The cat cafe charges you for the time spent in the café.

30. The best toilets in the world

Saving one of my favourite things in Japan until last.

Put to the back of your mind for a minute Japan’s samurai history, its serene Zen gardens and sublime sushi. One of my favourite things about Japan is that it has the most awesome toilets in the world.

A heated seat, adjustable spray wash, air dryer and deodoriser; what more could you wish for from a loo? Only music to relax the anal sphincter I guess.   

And that’s the bottom line.

high tech toilet in japan